Controls key functions in the body; acts as an anti-inflammatory; maintains blood sugar levels, blood pressure, and muscle strength

(vasopressin)-Affects water retention in kidneys; controls blood pressure

Affects growth and development; stimulates protein production; affects fat distribution

Controls production of sex hormones (estrogen in women and testosterone in men)

Stimulates contraction of uterus and milk ducts in the breast

Stimulates the production and secretion of thyroid hormones

Releases melatonin during night hours to help with sleep

Develop and maintain male sexual characteristics and maturation

Lowers blood sugar levels; stimulates metabolism of glucose, protein, and fat

Controls blood pressure, both directly and also by regulating aldosterone production from the adrenal glands1